joiner's works joiner's works - main joiner's works - the main page joiner's business - main joiner's works - the main page of a site joiner's works
to joiner's works - the main page to the beginning joiner - main

the Joiner's tool

Here now has come it is time to get the tool. Estimate the material possibilities, examine already eyes of the beginning joiner available tool. In each house there will be a hammer, a screw-driver, sewed, scissors. Look, whether they are serviceable.

Superfluous in a tiny house workshop it is possible to consider the electrified tool (a disk saw, a plane, a drill), their use will give trouble to neighbours. It is possible to do without the big chisels, they will be replaced completely with chisels. It is not necessary kijanka (the big wooden hammer) it is recommended in grants on joiner's business from those reasons that wooden handles of chisels and chisels from blows by a metal hammer quickly collapse. However experience shows that the birch handle of a chisel serves some years, and the new handle can be made all for any half an hour.

the Hammer, an axe. It is desirable to have some hammers, from them in one weight to 300г, the second absolutely easy, so-called, hour.

The Hammer, of course, badly keeps on too short handle, it dangles on it, and blows quite often have not on a nail hat, and on fingers of hands.

There are some ways of fastening of the handle wooden and metal wedges, a wire, a tin (fig. 5).

Ways of fastening of a hammer: 1 - a wooden wedge; 2 - a metal wedge; 3 - fastening wooden

Ways of fastening of a hammer:
1 - a wooden wedge; 2 - a metal wedge; 3 - fastening wooden

The Oval aperture in a hammer becomes usually konusnym, it extends to an outer side and is narrowed towards the handle. The birch handle is turned or vystragivaetsja too on a cone. The difference on handle section makes 10-15 mm at length of 300 mm. The hammer nasazhivajut on more thin end so that it densely entered into an oval aperture. Thus between metal and a tree cracks are formed. Most easier to fix a hammer wedges from firm wood of a beech, a birch: one wedge is driven in into a handle end face on the longitudinal axis, two narrow - on cross-section.

More reliable fastening provides a metal wedge. A thickness of a steel of 3-4 mm with three feathers which ends are ground, as is shown in drawing. At zabivanii such wedge feathers disperse every which way and strongly rasklinivajut the handle. Preliminary in its end face do by a chisel or a screw-driver of a notch depth 3 - 4 mm then the wedge will not leave aside.

Similarly strengthen an axe on wooden toporishche.

Screw-drivers. Will be in the house and a screw-driver. For work of one screw-driver a little, it is required at least two-three. But look at first at a cut in a screw head, it not rectangular, but the trapezoid form. Here such form should be and the edge of a screw-driver, a plane and an edge is necessary for grinding it a file so that they densely filled all cut of a screw. Thus lateral sides of a screw-driver should be a little cut for maintenance of the greatest effort at zavertyvanii screws (it is necessary to unscrew less often). .

Sewed. It is useful direct, not shoe, sewed, ground in the form of a polyhedron. It is easy for making of a piece of a thick steel wire. Before sharpening one end of a wire can be released by heating and slow cooling. To temper a steel follows in such a way: to warm up the end sewed on a gas torch to on-svetlenija metal, then quickly to dip into a liquid. As, for different marks of a steel, various cooling structures in house conditions it is necessary, probably are applied, training process to repeat, dipping the heated edge sewed serially in the pure water acidified by vinegar, sunflower-seed oil, drying oil, in a soap solution. Follows povarirovat and heating degree. Quality of training is easy for checking up a file or a cloth nozhovki on metal. If metal hardly gives in to the tool - the steel means has become tempered. Scissors, simple and colour pencils, a ruler also will be in any house.

Now about the tool which should be got in shop or to make most.

The Set of the tool for works joiner's and accompanying them can be divided on two groups in the order of a complete set:) the most necessary for prime works of the beginning joiner; necessary for more difficult krasnoderevnyh and special works. Half of that will be listed, it is possible to make most, but not at once as it demands some skills exact pilenija, correct planing, ability to connect wooden details in the different ways, to use a drill or rotation. So, the following tool is necessary at the beginning.

the following page >