Process voshchenija and mastichenja consists in intensive natiranii a tree pure wax or the mastics (pastes) containing, except wax, drying oil, turpentine, gasoline, paraffin, rosin, an oil varnish and other materials. In this process there is a filling of wood pores, smoothing of a surface which slightly darkens, but thanks to that light beams are reflected from a smooth surface better, the tree becomes as though more juicy, and drawing is brighter, more contrast. It is especially appreciable on such krupnoporistoj breed of a tree, as an oak.
The Elementary mastic is made of wax and turpentine. In glasswares at first dissolve 40 weight parts of wax, nastrugannogo a knife thin shavings. Warm up it in a water bath, it is suitable for this purpose and klejanka. When wax will fuse, it remove from fire and stir with 60 parts of the cleared turpentine. To warm up a mix on fire it is not recommended, as steams nagretogo turpentine can strongly ignite. If at a reuse it is required to warm up mastic to add turpentine instead of evaporated the bank should cover with a metal cover.
For porous breeds of wood prepare mastic of following structure:
- wax - 30 weight parts,
- stearin - 10,
- rosin - 10,
- soap economic in shavings - 10,
- turpentine - 40 weight parts.
At first mix and dissolve first three components, then in a hot mix for giving to mastic bolshej elasticity add soap. The cooled down mastic dilute with turpentine.
Mastic carefully stir before giving of homogeneous colour and a uniform consistence. It is applied, as well as wax, is exclusive in the condition cooled to a room temperature. Hot mastic leaves on a processed surface of a stain. .
Mastic put on a surface a rigid brush with a short bristle or a dense tampon from a cotton fabric as more as possible equal layer. A product maintain during from 3 to 24С‡ depending on mastic structure that wax was better absorbed during a time, and turpentine has evaporated. Let does not confuse the beginning joiner that all surface will appear motley from is dirty-grey and yellow stains. They will completely disappear in the course of the subsequent processing.
Then a surface vigorously pound sukonkoj along fibres. At first sukonka to which can wrap up grinding kolodku, will stick to mastic, but gradually the layer will be warmed up, the surface becomes warm and will take more and more smooth form. Grinding continue until the covering will not cease to stick at all. After this operation to a covering allow to dry up within days, and finish voshchenie, having replaced sukonku with softer material (a flannel, suede).
On it it is possible to consider matte furnish finished. In due course the covering grows dull, but the former kind is easily restored after rubbing sukonkoj. The wax covering can be fixed one thin varnish coat, half diluted with polish