The Unlimited creative open space is given to the joiner-designer in a choice of handles: in the sizes, the form, a material, ways of furnish.
For a tool locker more all will approach wooden handles. Available on sale metal, plastic, glass are too great in the sizes, are heavy, and the material of which they are made, will be in harmony hardly probable with type-setting decorative veneering.
On fig. 28 the handles made of integral pieces of a tree and the way of a set of plywood are presented. Their choice - a matter of taste. For dverok a case the handles cut from brusochkov in the size 40 X 10 X of 10 mm of light wood (a birch would approach, to a fur-tree). They well look against a dark background mahogany plywood. It is possible to give more dark colour in the way of superficial dyeing. Oval cut becomes a fret saw, is smoothed out by a chisel and a piece of the skin curtailed into a tube.
1 - the deaf person: 2 - with cut; 3 - rectangular; 4 - diamond-shaped
Handles can have the form of a rectangle, a rhombus, a cube, a triangle with direct and oblique sides. In no event they should not be massive jashchichki a tool case lungs, superficial, intended for trifles, it is enough to undertake any handle two fingers to put forward jashchichek. Therefore the sizes of handles should not exceed 25X12X10 mm.
All waste of a tree, scraps will be useful For their manufacturing kleenoj plywood, decorative, an interline interval. Here sequence of operations of manufacturing of diamond-shaped handles for two extreme top or bottom boxes. Select slices of plywood and an interline interval in the size 30X15 mm, on two, one breed of a tree, them it is required nearby 10 for each handle. The bottom and top slices can be smaller on the size. Then the plates greased with glue, impose one on another so that dark edges alternated with the light. In this case and the birch interline interval is useful as a decorative material.
When the pack height will reach 9-10 mm, it zapressovyvajut in a clamp and leave on 4-5ч. It is applied 30-40-процентный joiner's glue. For this work it is suitable and kazeinovyj dense cold glue. In one clamp it is possible zapressovat at once two packs. Linings should be strong enough on a bend, 15 mm are not more thin, differently plates in packs will creep away, will float on glue. The conceived form give to preparation only a chisel. Having planned contours on one of planes, gradually cut off superfluous wood. Cuts do thin, alternately from the different parties, for a rhombus from four, for a square from two parties in a direction of fibres. Definitively smooth out a product on skin sheet. But if in a workshop of the joiner is elektrotochilo processing of sides can be mechanised even in house conditions.
To Keep preparation by fingers of the left hand difficultly, a vice is suitable unless only at the very beginning of rhombus formation. At any moment or preparation can be turned out, or the chisel will slide off and will wound a hand. That is why at all works cutting make in a direction only from itself. .
And on a workbench a chisel put always the handle to itself and an edge from itself. It if the tool will fall with verstachnoj boards - it is possible to wound a foot.
Krepjat of the handle screws or nageljami on glue. For this purpose a thin drill from an underside dverok and box walls drill one or two through apertures, then the handle put to the planned place and fix by means of linings and clamps so that apertures have not appeared closed as it is necessary to screw screws in them.
Handles it is required much, small and big, finished with a varnish, polished and painted. The sizes, forms, materials can be the diversified, but the technology, sequence of operations for several tens products is reduced to two variants. One of them for handles from an integral piece of a tree which get off more often with opaque coverings, and the second - way of a set of thin plates with the subsequent processing under a transparent covering.
For the first variant choose the soft breeds of a tree which are easily giving in to cutting and drilling (a birch, a linden, a fur-tree, a poplar).
Take planed brusochek in the sizes 100x15x15 mm. Saw round its fret saw on the ends from above and in the middle from below, as is shown in fig. 28. Paste over this preparation on each side with thin three-layer plywood in the thickness of 2-3 mm. After zapressovki and drying allowances saw round a fret saw on a preparation contour. Plywood overlays are more convenient for pasting and sawing round for two receptions - at first on the one hand, then - with another. After zachistki a chisel and polishings by a skin it is possible to paint the handle two times with an oil or enamel paint. Such handles repeating on the size, the form and colour of the handle on gas and electric stoves, are convenient for dverki a locker under a sink, a kitchen table. .
Surface Preparation. Quality of decorative veneering in many respects depends on preparation of a surface of preparation or all product for pasting. Requirements much more above, than for preparation under furnish protravnymi paints. The matter is that the way is applied to veneered products only transparent furnish - polishing, varnishing, voshchenie. Defects of joiner's preparation under pasting by all means become appreciable on smooth, especially brilliant surface of decorative plywood. They very difficultly give in to correction.
Close up cracks, dents and other mechanical damages of preparations More carefully. Dents at depth more are not recommended to be closed and smoothed than 2 mm shpaklevkoj, they should be closed up inserts of wooden plates. It concerns and the cut down knots. Inserts, as well as for opaque furnish, run and pasted taking into account a direction of fibres. However the form of the inserts made of same or softer breed of a tree, should be not square, and in the form of the extended rhombus. .
The matter is that the finished article will bulk up and dry out by all means even in favorable storage conditions and usings. We already know that the tree dries out mainly not on length of fibres, and on width of layers. If to make a rectangular insert at considerable usyhanii it will as though be shown on a smooth surface of decorative plywood, glutinous seams will disperse, vspuchatsja so that longitudinal hardly appreciable, so-called hair cracks can be formed. The diamond-shaped form of inserts appreciably interferes with formation of similar defects.
Not casually on the polished surfaces of modern and ancient furniture there are stains, hair cracks, swellings of the decorative plywood, which cabinetmakers name siskins. All is result not only variable humidity of air, but a consequence of defects of preparation of products to furnish, defects of veneering.
Surface Thorough training to decorative veneering cannot be neglected even in those cases if your apartment is equipped by the conditioner. .
Plywood is not pasted to tree end faces (they at all do not stick together), therefore in places of angular connections end faces close up overlays (fig. 29). End faces of through thorns in the middle of a surface, not in angular connections, it is possible proshpaklevat glutinous structure.
Ways zadelki end faces
The Finished surface should be, first of all, dry, smooth and equal. Good results are given by preliminary pasting of a surface by an interline interval, single-layered nozhevoj plywood in the thickness to 2 mm, as a rule, without knots and other defects, prjamoslojnoj, made of a birch, an aspen, fur-trees, are more rare from resinous wood of a pine. It paste on preparation or a finished product so that fibres of an interline interval and decorative plywood have appeared at right angle. Joiner's preparation under pasting by an interline interval same, as well as for decorative plywood. .
After drying an interline interval surface grind across fibres a coarse-grained skin to give surfaces a small roughness.
At raskroe an interline interval, as well as decorative plywood, it is necessary to consider an allowance on the further processing. It can make on length of 2-3 mm from each party, and on width - 5 - 7 mm. An interline interval raskraivajut a chisel, across it is possible to cut it and scissors.