The Height of a seat of a chair fluctuates from 450 to 480 mm, - it is a bit less than armchairs, as they are intended mainly for rest.
The Children's furniture should not have acute angles, it is more preferable oval forms not only seats and covers of tables, but also other details and knots.
The Height of an ordinary dining table makes 750-780 mm, written it is a bit less, that it was more convenient to put on it elbows. And kitchen, on the contrary, it is more - behind it work usually standing.
As have shown many researches of experts, adherence to upholstered furniture, from long sitting in deep is absolutely unjustified, too an easy chair the person has not a rest, and gets tired. More preferably semisoft or semifixed furniture.
Manufacturing. In the constrained house conditions there is no sense to undertake manufacturing such, for example, things as a wardrobe, the wooden bed, a sideboard, a dining table, etc. These pieces of furniture necessarily will worse, than the same products of industrial production, and will cost dearer on expenses of time, work and materials. Therefore it is necessary to undertake designing and manufacturing n the big things which are not present on sale.
The chair-step-ladder concerns them (fig. 33), for example. It is a simple chair with a direct back, but it it is easy, all for some seconds, it is transformed to a step-ladder in height in metre. From this step-ladder which enough steady and are not taking many places, it is possible to get easily the book from the shelf located at height to 3м. Such step-ladder can be useful not only in house library, but also for repair, change of lamps in chandeliers, naveski curtains and many other works "яюф яю=юыъюь". The chair with a seat in height of 500 mm is convenient for work behind a kitchen table.
For chair-step-ladder manufacturing the tree of any breeds is suitable as to finish a chair better with way of an opaque covering. If to make it of a birch on this product it is possible to practise and a carving.
A chair Back do an inclined step-ladder for the best stability. For it would be good bruski or narrow boards with kososlojnym an arrangement of fibres, with a small bend in the middle in a kind koromysla. But it is possible srastit preparations on length at a small angle.
For a chair back choose bruski in the length 600 mm and section 70X30 mm in a place of merging and 40x30 mm on the ends. A thorn and an eye, apparently on fig. 33, zapilivajut in a little unusual way: eye and thorn cheeks have unequal length. Thus to a certain extent the merging knot is strengthened on a break.
Four averages inclined bruska have identical section, approximately 30X40 mm. In a variant "ё=ѕы" they do not bear any loading, short of fastening by their flat hooks with one or from two parties. But in the developed chair, in a variant "ё=Ёхь эър" these bruski together with a back are a ladder skeleton. On them mount two-four steps. They are in pairs fastened vreznymi by loops. .
For a seat, two-piece, plywood in the thickness of 10 mm or plates in the thickness to 15 mm is suitable. Of the same material do step-ladder steps. Steps have section 30X20 mm. Two cross-section bruska on a back are better for making wide, they have in general decorative character, their edges can be used for furnish by the elementary carving or a burning out.
Opaque furnish carry out after full assemblage of a product and preliminary shpaklevki. Paint a chair-step-ladder in one colour for two times or in two different colours: one colour a chair, and the second - a ladder.
All works on manufacturing and chair-step-ladder furnish try to conduct under the drawing full-scale. Last years so-called walls became fashionable. What it for furniture? In essence, cover from horizontal and vertical boards and boards. Walls are really convenient. However constructive idea of such furniture nenova. In 1912 in one Moscow publishing house there was in a translation from English a brochure "¦хсхыі from Ёшъют". Its author - the practical Englishwoman, is a lot of years worked on island Spitsbergen where brought the various goods in a so-called seaworthy packing. These are strong boxes from stroganyh boards, usually shpuntovannyh.
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